Pipeline Series: Renal Cell Carcinoma – Cancer Therapy Advisor

In the last decade, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a variety of kinase inhibitors, including sorafenib, temsirolimus, everolimus, sunitinib, pazopanib, and axitinib—all angiogenesis inhibitor— for the treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Two additional immunotherapeutic agents;  bevacizumab, which is another antiangiogenic agent; and nivolumab are also indicated for advanced RCC.

Cabozantinib

Cabozantinib is an oral, small-molecular tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), like the angiogenesis inhibitors, as well as MET and AXL. An open-label, phase 3 trial comparing the efficacy of cabozantinib to that of everolimus in patients with RCC that had progressed after VEGFR-targeted therapy demonstrated a 42% lower rate of progression or death with cabozantinib.1

“Cabozantinib is very interesting. Data published in The New England Journal of Medicine in September 2015 and an update presented at the 2016 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium showed that the drug beat the second-line standard everolimus in terms of progression-free survival,” said Dr Choueiri, who also serves on the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Kidney & Testicular Cancers Panel and is chairman of the Medical and Scientific Steering Committee of the Kidney Cancer Association…

Source: Pipeline Series: Renal Cell Carcinoma – Cancer Therapy Advisor

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